HERITAGE

HISTORY

The Statute of Autonomy of Trentino Alto Adige thus represents, first and foremost, an achievement by the people of Trentino and Alto Adige/Südtirol, united by numerous historical and cultural ties. The fact that they have become accustomed over the centuries to contact and comparison with other people – owing to the position of the region, astride the Brenner Pass, the main communications route between Italy and Germany – has meant that autonomy is founded on respect and appreciation of the value of the minorities, on the knowledge that the variety of cultures is an indispensable resource.

Regarding Trentino, this means primarily protecting the Ladino minority (living in much of the Dolomite area) and the small German-speaking minorities (the Mocheni in the Fersina valley and the Cimbri on the Luserna plateau). The second “pillar” on which the autonomy of Trentino rests is that of participation: autonomy belongs neither to politics nor to the provincial government, but to everyone, from the individual to the local communities, from economic sectors to associations, from church parishes to the world of culture, the universities and scientific research.

Everyone is called on to contribute to managing this autonomy and sharing the responsibilities it brings with it. For us, autonomy therefore means doing things ourselves, as we are used to, rather than delegating to others the task of meeting the community’s needs across a whole range of areas: from schools to health, from economic development, social and health policy to the management of energy sources and urban planning, from the promotion of tourism to development cooperation and the management of a number of responsibilities and functions pertaining to the international side of politics. Seen in this light, autonomy becomes not only an efficient tool of self-government, but also a powerful didactic instrument which never ceases to bear fruit, not least as regards the new generations.

Trentino '14-'18. From war to peace

First world war is a central topic in Trentino history. Preserving this memory and sharing it at a European and international level is a fundamental issue, this objective can be reached also through the promotion of Peace and Brotherhood among people once fighting against each other. Numerous initiatives have taken place to recover, restore and safeguard this heritage, carried out by the relevant office and other provincial departments, local authorities, parks, associations and cultural... Read full article

The special Autonomy of Trentino

The special autonomy of Trentino (and of neighbouring Alto Adige-Südtirol, which together with Trentino comprises the Autonomous Region of Trentino Alto Adige) was born from an agreement between Italy and Austria, signed in Paris on 5 September 1946 by the then Italian Prime Minister and Foreign minister, Alcide Degasperi, and the Austrian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Karl Gruber. The text of the Statute went on to be approved by the Italian Constituent Assembly (in charge of drafting the... Read full article

From the First to the Second Statute of Autonomy

The First Statute of Autonomy, approved in 1948, was undoubtedly a huge step forwards compared with the past; nevertheless, it did not satisfy all the demands for self-government put forward by the two provinces. A new era of petitioning thus began, including some dramatic moments. It was not until 1972, after a period of intense negotiations, that the Second Statute of Autonomy saw the light of day, granting the requests of the two provinces and heralding a new era of peaceful and fruitful... Read full article

From Fascism to Degasperi and Gruber

At the end of the Great War, with the Treaty of Saint Germain, the Tyrol as it was historically known was once again divided, and Trentino, together with Alto Adige-Südtirol, was incorporated into the Italian State. Once again, discussions centred, urgently, on the question of autonomy. Naturally, the people of the Südtirol had to be granted the right to maintain use of the German language, together with all their own traditions; and at the same time it was necessary to revitalise the... Read full article

From the Episcopal Principality to Great War

The route by which Trentino eventually obtained a Statute of Autonomy of the kind described was a long and sometimes tortuous one, and not without some dramatic moments. The origin can be traced back to the special status of the region – it was already colonised by the Romans, who founded the ancient city of Tridentum, the Trento of today – in the Middle Ages: it took the form of an Episcopal Principality, subject to the authority of the Empire and yet endowed with political and... Read full article

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